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Knee Fractures in Singapore

The knee is the joint between the femur (thigh bone) and the tibial (lower leg). In front of the knee joint is the patella (kneecap), a bone set in the tendon of the big quadriceps muscle which straightens the leg. Knee fractures are injuries to one or more of these bones close to the knee […]

Meniscus injury

WHAT IS KNEE PAIN DUE TO MENISCUS INJURY?

The meniscus is a small “c” shaped cartilage that acts as a cushion in the knee joint. They sit between the femur and the tibia bone, one on the outside and one on the inside of the knee. A meniscus tear occurs when the cartilage tear and […]

Football injury and Meniscus tear

Football injuries are common and range from minor annoying aches and pains to serious, traumatic injuries. It’s important to use the right pads and protective gear, but even so, the following pains and injuries are not uncommon.

Meniscus Tear

A meniscus tear occurs when these pieces of cartilage tear and are injured usually during movements […]

Vascular Anatomy of the Meniscus

The vascular supply to the medial and lateral menisci originates predominantly from the medial and lateral genicular arteries (inferior and superior branches). Branches from these vessels give rise to a perimeniscal capillary plexus within the synovial and capsular tissues of the knee joint.

The plexus is an arborizing network of vessels that supplies the peripheral […]

Meniscal Motion

As the knee passes through a range of motion, the menisci move with respect to the tibial articular surface. A classic study demonstrated that from 0 degrees to 120 degrees of knee flexion the mean meniscal excursion (defined as the average anteroposterior displacement of the anterior and posterior meniscal horns along the tibial plateau in […]

Meniscal Function

While the term “shock absorber” has often been used to describe the meniscus, the menisci actually serve many functions in the human knee. Additional functions are theorized to be load bearing, lubrication, and proprioception. The meniscal function of load bearing may be clinically inferred by the degenerative changes that accompany meniscectomy.

Fairbank described radiographic changes […]

Tests for fluid

Fluid in the knee joint is a sign common to many disorders (traumatic, inflammatory or crystalline).Three tests are commonly used to detect fluid.

Bursitis

The knee is surrounded by several bursae.

Prepatellar bursitis The prepatellar bursa is located anterior and distal to the patella. Its location makes it vulnerable to traumatic bursitis. Team handball players, American football players, soccer players, wrestlers, and gymnasts are at increased risk. One study reported that 9.5% of wrestlers had prepatellar bursitis over a […]

Osteochondritis dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans, the detachment of fragments of bone and cartilage into the knee joint, often afflicts young people aged 12–16 years, permanently affecting the articular surface of the femur. The location of the injury is often obvious. The condition causes the cartilage and bone to disintegrate in an area which may be as large as […]

Knee

The knee is the most frequently injured joint in athletics.Most injuries are due to the extreme stresses of twisting and turning activities such as those found in skiing, soccer, and American football. Medial collateral ligament and meniscal injuries are in the majority, but anterior cruciate ligament ruptures are also common and are responsible for a […]