Specialists

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Skeletal Muscle and Tendon

Key Points

Skeletal muscle has a complex organization of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue matrix that protects against injury and organizes individual cellular elements into functional contractile units of muscle. Muscle fibers range a few millimeters to several centimeters in length. Fibers are arranged into larger units known as fascicles. Perimysium, a connective tissue […]

Contusions and lacerations

Contusions are the most common injury in the hand. Care must be taken to rule out more serious injuries such as fractures and ligamentous or tendinous injuries. A contusion can lead to trauma-induced tendonitis; however, the majority of these, too, can be treated with time and conservative measures.

Lacerations of the hand also are very […]

Etiology of Skiing Injuries

Skiing

Since the 1960s participation in downhill skiing has increased at least 40-fold in the USA. The number of skiers is estimated to be around 8 million on an annual basis. The number of ski injuries annually is probably more than 1 million per year worldwide.

Skier-related factors

Relative to the population at risk, men […]

Miscellaneous Injuries

Open wounds

Open wounds are common among athletes, particularly those who play contact sports such as soccer, American football, rugby, and ice hockey. Riders, orienteers, and cyclists, who are likely to sustain falls on to hard surfaces, are also vulnerable. The way in which a wound is inflicted determines its nature and extent, and […]