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Passive medial rotation


The subject lies in the supine position with the knee and hip flexed to right angles. The examiner stands level with the subject’S knee.One forearm carries the lower leg. The other hand grasps the calcaneus from the lateral side.Both hands clasp tightly under the heel which is forced into dorsiflexion.


A combined movement […]

Lateral Ankle Ligament Ruptures


The patient refers to a sudden sharp tearing pain around the lateral aspect of the ankle joint after an acute inversion sprain or, on occasions, of recurrent instability after previous sprains.


The anterior talo-fibular (ATF) and fibulo-calcanear (FC) ligaments are the most commonly damaged structures in uncomplicated inversion-plantar flexion ankle sprain. Most […]

Ankle Sprain

Basics Description Acute sprains of the lateral ligaments about the ankle are the most common injury in sports and also occur commonly in the general population. Most commonly a partial tear or complete rupture of the ATFL occurs. More severe injuries include the CFL . Lateral ankle sprain results from an inversion mechanism. Classification […]