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Prescription Sports

RUNNING ON A HARD SURFACE

Running is one of the most popular sports in the world. This not only covers marathons and track and field running – running is also part of the training in virtually all other sports, including soccer, rugby, handball and triathlon. Running is a very efficient method for maintaining or improving […]

Growing Pains

Basics Description This poorly understood syndrome is characterized by a long history of lower extremity pains that usually occur at night and worsen after active days. Pain: Resolves completely each time it occurs Occurs predominantly in the lower extremities Occurs in 1 or both legs with random frequency No objective physical findings are seen. […]

Genu Valgum (Knock-Knee)

Basics Description Genu valgum, or knock-knee, is a normal phase of development in children 2-4 years old. Girls normally have slightly more valgus of the knee than do boys. The valgus straightens to achieve the adult position by 6-7 years of age. Rickets, trauma, and genetic disorders also may cause genu valgum. Some patients […]

Deep Venous Thrombosis

Basics Description DVT is a blood clot in the deep venous plexus of the legs. Venous thrombus may embolize and result in fatal PE. Classification: DVTs are classified by location using ultrasound. Thrombi below the popliteal fossa usually do not embolize. 50% of thrombi at or above the popliteal fossa will embolize. General Prevention […]

Compartment Syndrome

Basics Description

Increase in tissue pressure within a limited space, compromising circulation and function of the contents of the space. Acute compartment syndrome is a limb-threatening emergency. Chronic (or exercise-induced or exertional) compartment syndrome usually is a self-limited symptomatic disorder. The elevated tissue pressure causes decreased perfusion, which can lead to necrosis of tissues and […]

A Patient’s Guide to Piriformis Syndrome

Introduction

Pain in the buttock that radiates down the leg is commonly called sciatica. The most common cause for sciatica is irritation of the spinal nerves in or near the lumbar spine. Sometimes the nerve irritation is not in the spine but further down the leg. One possible cause of sciatica is piriformis syndrome. Piriformis […]