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Hip Pain in the Child

Basics Description Hip pain is a term used to describe discomfort in the groin, which receives sensory innervation provided by the obturator and femoral nerves. This pain can be produced by a lesion anywhere in the region of the hip joint, such as: Capsule and synovial lining Bone of the pelvis or proximal femur […]

Hip Avascular Necrosis

Basics Description AVN is osteonecrosis, or death of the bone. All major joints can be affected. In the pediatric population, this condition is called Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and, in general, has a better prognosis than osteonecrosis in the adult. AVN of the hip is osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Synonyms: Osteonecrosis; Aseptic necrosis; Chandler disease […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]