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Passive extension

Positioning The subject stands with the arm outstretched. The examiner stands level with the subject’S elbow. One hand stabilizes the elbow,and the other hand grasps the distal forearm.

Procedure:

• To test the range: move hands in opposite directions – distal hand downwards and proximal hand upwards. • To test the end-feel: bring […]

FUNCTIONAL EXAMINATION OF THE ELBOW

PASSIVE TESTS

Passive flexion

Positioning. The subject stands with the arm outstretched. The examiner stands level with the subject’s arm. He places one hand against the back of the shoulder and grasps the distal forearm with the other hand.

Procedure. Bring the hand towards the shoulder,thereby stabilizing the latter, until the movement comes to a […]

Osteochondritis Dissecans (Loose Bone Cartilage)

In throwing movements the lateral part of the elbow joint is exposed to considerable loads, because of compression due to valgus loads. This can cause the convex upper articular surface of the radius in the forearm to come into violent contact with, and even to injure, the lateral outer portion of the articular surface of […]

Elbow Injuries in Children

Elbow injuries in children

Unique bony problems of the elbow are seen in children and adolescents. The pathology of these problems corresponds to each stage in the development of the elbow—that is, prior to the appearance of all the secondary centers of ossification in children; prior to fusion of the ossification centers in adolescents; and […]