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Femoral Shaft Fracture in the Adult

Basics Description Femoral shaft fractures occur in the diaphysis of the bone. High-energy trauma such as vehicular accidents, falls, or gunshots are the common causes of these fractures in normal bone. Low-energy trauma may cause femoral shaft fractures in pathologic or osteoporotic bone. Classification: Winquist and Hansen assessed fractures according to the proportion of […]

Desmoid Tumor (Extra-Abdominal)

Basics Description A common benign soft-tissue tumor that occurs in young patients Although this tumor never metastasizes, a high rate of local recurrence occurs in the following locations: Neck: 8% Shoulder: 22% Upper arm: 6% Chest wall/back: 17% Buttock/hip: 6% Thigh: 12% Knee: 7% Lower leg: 5% Synonyms: Desmoid tumor; Extra-abdominal fibromatosis; Well-differentiated fibrosarcoma; […]

Ankle Fracture

Basics Description Fractures of the distal end of the fibula and tibia are termed ankle fractures. Usually caused by the twisting of the body around a planted foot or a misstep that results in overstressing the ankle joint Severe fractures may result in dislocation of the ankle. 2 fracture classification systems are used currently: […]

Prolotherapy Therapy with Platelet Rich Plasma

Tendons and ligaments connect muscles to bones, making it possible to do all kinds of physical activities. Overuse or damage to tendons over a long period of time causes the collagen fibers that make up the tendons to form small tears, a condition called Tendinosis. Ligaments are composed of collagen fibers and hold bones together, […]

A Patient’s Guide to Peroneal Tendon Subluxation

Introduction

The peroneals are two muscles and their tendons that attach along the outer edge of the lower leg. The peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that runs behind the outside ankle bone (the lateral malleolus). Damage or injury to the structures that form and support this tunnel may lead to a condition […]