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Physical Findings of Adhesive Capsulitis

The physical examination of patients with adhesive capsulitis reveals a global reduction in range of motion with a marked decrease in glenohumeral translation also present. Examination of the opposite shoulder (if normal) is performed to identify the patient’s expected normal range of motion for comparison. Evaluation for limitation of pure glenohumeral motion (best measured in […]

Humeral Bone Deficiency

Humeral head defects are commonly present in patients with shoulder instability. The defects are usually small and carry the eponym Hill-Sachs lesion when secondary to anterior instability and reverse Hill-Sachs lesions when secondary to posterior instability.

Although quite ubiquitous in recurrent anterior shoulder instability, the management of large Hill-Sachs defects remains controversial especially in […]

Capsular Lesions

Traumatic intra-substance injury of the joint capsule is commonly associated with anterior dislocation. Depending on the magnitude of the anterior shear force, either plastic deformation or a complete tear of the joint capsule can occur.

The recognition of a concomitant posttraumatic capsular laxity or rupture and a Bankart lesion is essential in order to select […]