Specialists

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SPECIFIC TESTS

Combined plantar flexion-inversion Significance.

This movement brings all the lateral structures of ankle and foot under stretch and is therefore an extremely important test in sprained ankles.

Positioning.

The heel rests on the couch, the knee is slightly flexed and the ankle is in neutral position. The examiner is distal to the foot. […]

MEDIAL

The medial malleolus, the sustentaculum tali, the tuberosity of the scaphoid and the base of the first metatarsal bone constitute the important bony landmarks at the medial aspect of the ankle and foot. The medial malleolus is felt with ease. The sustentaculum tali is found about 2 em below the tip of the medial malleolus. […]

Palpation of the sinus tarsi

Starting from the anterior surface of the lateral malleolus and moving anteriorly and medially, the finger falls into a depression – the sinus tarsi. If the finger is left in place and the foot is inverted, the depression excavates and its borders can be better ascertained. Just anterior to the malleolus the lateral process of […]

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Basics Description Tarsal tunnel syndrome is entrapment of the tibial nerve or its distal branches caused by compression or traction as the nerve courses through the tarsal tunnel. Anatomy : Proximal tarsal tunnel: Fibro-osseous space that contains (from anterior to posterior) the PTT, flexor digitorum longus tendon, posterior tibial artery and vein, tibial nerve, […]