Specialists

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Vascular Anatomy of the Meniscus

The vascular supply to the medial and lateral menisci originates predominantly from the medial and lateral genicular arteries (inferior and superior branches). Branches from these vessels give rise to a perimeniscal capillary plexus within the synovial and capsular tissues of the knee joint.

The plexus is an arborizing network of vessels that supplies the peripheral […]

Meniscal Motion

As the knee passes through a range of motion, the menisci move with respect to the tibial articular surface. A classic study demonstrated that from 0 degrees to 120 degrees of knee flexion the mean meniscal excursion (defined as the average anteroposterior displacement of the anterior and posterior meniscal horns along the tibial plateau in […]

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms are immediate haemarthrosis and pain in the medial part of the knee. If only the external portion is ruptured there will be superficial bruising rather than haemarthrosis. This is an injury common in contact sports such as football, rugby and other high-intensity sports. The MCL ruptures during an excessive valgus sprain and […]

Prescription Sports

RUNNING ON A HARD SURFACE

Running is one of the most popular sports in the world. This not only covers marathons and track and field running – running is also part of the training in virtually all other sports, including soccer, rugby, handball and triathlon. Running is a very efficient method for maintaining or improving […]

A Patient’s Guide to Meniscal Surgery

Introduction

The meniscus is very important to the long-term health of the knee. In the past, surgeons would simply take out part or all of an injured meniscus. But today’s surgeons know that removing the meniscus can lead to early knee arthritis. Whenever possible, they try to repair the tear. If the damaged area must […]

A Patient’s Guide to Meniscal Injuries

Introduction

The meniscus is a commonly injured structure in the knee. The injury can occur in any age group. In younger people, the meniscus is fairly tough and rubbery, and tears usually occur as a result of a forceful twisting injury. The meniscus grows weaker with age, and meniscal tears can occur in aging adults […]

A Patient’s Guide to Knee Anatomy

Introduction

To better understand how knee problems occur, it is important to understand some of the anatomy of the knee joint and how the parts of the knee work together to maintain normal function.

First, we will define some common anatomic terms as they relate to the knee. This will make it clearer as we […]