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Tibial Plateau Fracture

Basics

Description The tibial plateau is the proximal weightbearing surface of the tibia. Articulates with the femoral condyles to form the knee joint Can be divided into medial and lateral components A tibial plateau fracture is any fracture involving the proximal articular surface of the tibia (Fig. 1). Classification by Schatzker et al. : Type […]

Osteochondroma

Basics Description An osteochondroma is a common developmental abnormality of the peripheral growth plate that results in a lobulated outgrowth of cartilage and bone from the metaphysis. Appears as a cartilage-capped bony projection from the metaphysis of long bones Can occur in any bone that develops from enchondral ossification Most commonly occurs in: Long […]

A Patient’s Guide to Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Introduction

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a condition that affects the hip in teenagers between the ages of 12 and 16 most often. Cases have been reported as early as age nine years old. In this condition, the growth center of the hip (the capital femoral epiphysis) actually slips backwards on the top of […]

A Patient’s Guide to Perthes Disease of the Hip

Introduction

Perthes disease is a condition that affects the hip in children between the ages of four and eight. The condition is also referred to as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease in honor of the three physicians who each separately described the disease. In this condition, the blood supply to the growth center of the hip (the capital […]