Specialists

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Clinical Evaluation-Physical Examination

After completing a detailed history, a focused examination can be undertaken. It is critical to compare extremities as the unaffected shoulder can serve as a “normal” template to which one can compare. One should survey for atrophy or asymmetry, especially in the supra and infraspinatus fossae. Long-standing rotator cuff tears are often accompanied by significant, […]

Basic Science-Anatomy and Biology

The rotator cuff consists of the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis muscles, all of which arise from the scapula and insert into the proximal humerus. The subscapularis muscle is innervated by the upper and lower scapular nerves, and arises from the anterior surface of the scapula, inserting into the lesser tuberosity.

The nerve supply […]

Rehabilitation

Movement therapy and physical therapy

General exercises are part of the athlete’s warm-up before training sessions and competition and have an essential function in preventing injuries.The role of athletic trainers and physical therapists in sports medicine is one of participation in both prevention and treatment. As far as prevention is concerned each sport has its […]

Etiology of Running Injuries

The etiology of running injuries is multifactorial. Factors may be extrinsic or intrinsic.

Running

Running is an effective way to exercise large muscle groups and has a documented effect in the preservation of health and in the prevention of cardiovascular problems. However, it is a potentially harmful activity, and running injuries are common—although 2–2.5 times […]

Exercise on Prescription

STRENGTH TRAINING Muscle strength and endurance training can be controlled movement (machines), semi-controlled (cross wires) or free weights (dumb-bells or body weight). The choice of training method depends on the athlete’s aims and training background and the character of the injury. Free weights are more difficult to control than fixed movement training machines but add […]

Ankle Sprain

Basics Description Acute sprains of the lateral ligaments about the ankle are the most common injury in sports and also occur commonly in the general population. Most commonly a partial tear or complete rupture of the ATFL occurs. More severe injuries include the CFL . Lateral ankle sprain results from an inversion mechanism. Classification […]