Specialists

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Skeletal Muscle and Tendon

Key Points

Skeletal muscle has a complex organization of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue matrix that protects against injury and organizes individual cellular elements into functional contractile units of muscle. Muscle fibers range a few millimeters to several centimeters in length. Fibers are arranged into larger units known as fascicles. Perimysium, a connective tissue […]

Self Diagnosis of Sports Injuries

The principles of injury management rely on the premise that we know what we are treating. Diagnosis is the key to success. We must differentiate injuries such as ‘knee sprain’, ‘muscle strain’ and ‘bruises’ from the corresponding pathoanatomical diagnoses: ‘rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament’, ‘grade II muscle rupture’ or ‘intra-muscular haematoma’. In some cases, […]

Sprains

Basics Description Sprains refer to damaged ligaments, and they are the result of overstretching of the tissues. Injuries to the ligamentous structures of movable joints are among the most common complaints seen in primary care medicine, as well as in the subspecialty areas of orthopaedic surgery. Sprains can occur in any movable joint. Classification: […]

Hamstring Strain

Basics Description The hamstrings are long muscles in the posterior thigh that extend from the ischial tuberosity behind the hip, down to the knee. A hamstring strain is a stretch-induced muscle injury. Tears result from the hamstring muscle suddenly changing from a stabilizing flexor to an extensor. It usually is caused by quick starts […]

A Patient’s Guide to Neck Pain

Introduction

Neck pain is a common reason people visit their doctor. Neck pain typically doesn’t start from a single injury. Instead, the problem usually develops over time from the stress and strain of daily activities. Eventually, the parts of the spine begin to degenerate. The degeneration can become a source of neck pain.

Knowing how […]