Specialists

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Golf injury and Back pain

The most common golf injuries occur in the lower back, elbows, shoulders, hands and wrists, and are generally defined as either cumulative (overuse) or acute (traumatic) injuries. The impact and stress of the repetitive motion of the swing is sometimes hard on the muscles and joints, especially if you ignore the early warning signs of […]

Evaluation-Physical Examination

The physical examination of athletes with axillary nerve injury should include evaluation for range of motion (passive and active) as well as strength (abduction, forward elevation, external rotation, and internal rotation). Patients with a chronic history of the problem may demonstrate atrophy or asymmetry of the deltoid muscle mass.

A neurovascular examination should be performed […]

Strengthening

Strengthening

The development of muscle strength is an essential component of any rehabilitation program. Strength is the ability of a muscle to generate force against some resistance. Muscle weakness or imbalance can result in abnormal movement or impaired performance. Physiological improvements occur only when an individual physically demands more of their tissues than is normally […]

Juvenile Kyphosis (Scheuermann’s disease)

Scheuermann’s disease is a hereditary condition which produces progressive rounding of the back (kyphosis) and can sometimes hinder sporting activity. The complaint mainly affects adolescent boys. Usually three to five thoracic vertebrae are involved, which become wedge-shaped.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Slight fatigue in the thoracic region is present on exertion after the affected person […]

Osteochondritis Dissecans (Loose Bone Cartilage)

In throwing movements the lateral part of the elbow joint is exposed to considerable loads, because of compression due to valgus loads. This can cause the convex upper articular surface of the radius in the forearm to come into violent contact with, and even to injure, the lateral outer portion of the articular surface of […]

Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a localized separation of a segment of bone and cartilage from the surrounding, normal bone and cartilage. If the bony part of the fragment becomes necrotic (dead),there will be no healing and there will be a complete separation of the fragment from the surrounding tissue. In 75% of cases the lesion […]

Hip Joint Osteoarthritis

SYMPTOMS

There is gradual onset of diffuse exercise-induced pain in the groin. The hip joint is usually stiff and more painful in the morning than in the afternoon and rotational movements are most difficult. In severe cases, there is pain during rest. There are periods of better and worse symptoms. Secondary muscular symptoms are […]

Rupture of the Quadriceps or Hamstring Muscles

SYMPTOMS

Sudden sharp pain most commonly affecting the quadriceps or hamstring muscles during activity. Often the athlete falls in the middle of a stride and cannot continue.

AETIOLOGY

The tear can be partial (Grade I-II) or complete (Grade III-IV), often close to a musculo tendinous junction and occasionally at the origins. The muscle […]

Patellar Instability or Mal – Tracking

SYMPTOMS

The knee feels unstable or weak, or gives way in association with recurrent pain around the anterior part of the knee, with or without preceding trauma. It is particularly common in young female athletes.

AETIOLOGY

This condition can be caused by inherited conditions such as patella baja or alta, genu valgus or […]

Osteoarthritis

SYMPTOMS

There is gradual onset of diffuse or localised exercise-induced pain and effusion of the knee. The knee is usually stiff and more painful in the morning than in the afternoon. In severe cases there is pain during rest. There are periods of better and worse symptoms. Clicking, crunching and pseudo-locking can occur. It usually […]