Specialists

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Strengthening

Strengthening

The development of muscle strength is an essential component of any rehabilitation program. Strength is the ability of a muscle to generate force against some resistance. Muscle weakness or imbalance can result in abnormal movement or impaired performance. Physiological improvements occur only when an individual physically demands more of their tissues than is normally […]

Whiplash

Another important cause of cervical spine trauma is the ‘whiplash’ injury which occurs when the neck is rapidly extended and then flexed, typically in a road traffic accident when one vehicle is run into by another from behind. Ligament, bone, and muscle injuries, which may result in chronic pain, can occur, and anyone who has […]

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is the world’s most common bone disease, being almost universal in older women owing to postmenopausal hormonal changes and a decrease in activity. Half of all women over 45 years old have some X-ray evidence of osteoporosis, and by age 75 years that proportion increases to 90%. Osteoporosis also occurs in younger women as […]

Spinal Stenosis

Basics Description Compression of neural elements secondary to osteoarthritic changes (bone spurs, hypertrophied ligamentum flavum, disc space narrowing) at intervertebral levels and facet joints Characterized by back and/or lower extremity pain, numbness, weakness, and possible bladder/bowel dysfunction. General Prevention No known preventive measures Epidemiology Symptoms develop during the 5th and 6th decades. No gender […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

Basics Description Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is the most common hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Involvement progresses from distal to proximal: Lower extremity wasting, weakness, and cavovarus feet develop, followed in some cases by upper extremity weakness. 5 recognized types: Type I (hypertrophic form): The most common form (50% of patients) Thickened nerves have abnormal myelin […]

A Thorough Review of Cubital (Not Carpal!) Tunnel Syndrome

Of the two most common nerve entrapment conditions affecting the arm, the cubital tunnel syndrome is less well-known than the compression neuropathy known as carpal tunnel syndrome. In this article, patients, orthopedic surgeons, and physical therapists will all find valuable information on the cubital tunnel syndrome.

The authors present a detailed review of the surgery […]