Specialists

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Glenohumeral Joint

The GH joint is a diarthrodial joint with minimal bony constraint, allowing it the largest range of motion of any major diarthrodial joint in the body. The GH joint has been described as being similar to a golf ball on a tee, with a large humeral head balanced on a smaller glenoid.

The GH joint […]

Knee

Most recent trends in knee rehabilitation emphasize immediate motion, immediate weightbearing, early closed kinetic chain exercises, strength exercises, and early return to activity. Effective rehabilitation programs require an understanding of any surgical procedures performed, the structure of the knee, and the nature of the injury.

Strengthening should include both closed and open kinetic chain exercises, […]

Elbow, wrist and hand

Wrist and hand rehabilitation

Because the function of the wrist and hand is essential to daily activities, special care is needed to avoid compromising the functional integrity of these structures. In addition to range-of-motion and strengthening exercises, attention should be paid to dexterity exercises and to tactile senses. The wrist and hand are a series […]

Fluids

Sweating and fluid supply

During physical exertion the body’s core temperature increases. The cooling effects of wind and heat loss by radiation are insufficient to prevent it rising dangerously; they are supplemented by the production and evaporation of sweat. Sweating begins after 1½–3 minutes of work and increases steadily before leveling out after 10–15 minutes, […]

Traumatic injuries

Children and adolescents are injured more often than adults, but their injuries are usually less serious. This may partly be due to the fact that children are physically smaller than adults, so that less force is involved in the injury. Children’s tissues are significantly different from those of adults: their bone structure is more resilient […]

Articular cartilage injuries

Injuries to the articular cartilage (chondral) surfaces can affect the joint surfaces of the femur, the tibia, and the patella. Such injuries are often disregarded as they can be difficult to identify. They may result from direct impact against the knee joint, but can also occur in association with meniscal and ligament injuries. Indeed, any […]

Pain in the Neck (Cervicalgia), Torticollis (Wry Neck)

Pain located in the neck that does not radiate into the arms is called cervicalgia. Torticollis is a painful condition that can occur in young athletes after violent turning movements of the neck, e.g. when diving and when heading or jumping in soccer. It is probable that the nerve roots arising from the cervical spinal […]

Muscle Soreness after Training

Soreness, with pain, tenderness, and sometimes swelling of the muscles, can appear a few hours after strenuous training. The pain occurs during both active exercise and passive movements, and the muscles may feel weak. Many athletes experience the problem in late autumn (fall) and early spring when they change surfaces and either do not adjust […]

Myositis

Myositis or muscle inflammation is rare; it mainly affects the muscles of the thigh, back, shoulder, and calf.

Symptoms and diagnosis

The following may suggest a diagnosis of myositis: – pain in the affected muscle group on exertion; – symptoms increasing as effort becomes more intensive and repetitive; – tender, firm areas felt on examination […]