Specialists

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Torticollis

Basics

Description A limitation of motion of the cervical spine that causes the head to be held in a tilted position May result from muscular, skeletal, or neurologic abnormalities (Fig. 1) Classification : Congenital abnormalities Acquired abnormalities Synonyms: Skeletal wry neck; Congenital wry neck; Cock-robin deformity; Sandifer syndrome (torticollis resulting from gastroesophageal reflux disease and […]

Neck Pain

Basics Description In adults: Common Usually secondary to degenerative disc disease and arthritis In children and adolescents: Less common When it does occur, the pain often is secondary to a neoplasm or infection. Neck pain also occurs after trauma and is extremely common after motor vehicle accidents. General Prevention No definite methods of prevention […]

Desmoid Tumor (Extra-Abdominal)

Basics Description A common benign soft-tissue tumor that occurs in young patients Although this tumor never metastasizes, a high rate of local recurrence occurs in the following locations: Neck: 8% Shoulder: 22% Upper arm: 6% Chest wall/back: 17% Buttock/hip: 6% Thigh: 12% Knee: 7% Lower leg: 5% Synonyms: Desmoid tumor; Extra-abdominal fibromatosis; Well-differentiated fibrosarcoma; […]

Cervical Disc Herniation

Basics Description Cervical disc herniation is a condition in which retropulsion of disc material occurs, with resulting compression of the neural elements (nerve root[s] and/or spinal cord), resulting in neck pain, radiculopathy, and/or myelopathy. Classification Herniation is classified as acute or chronic. The classification of myelopathy is based on physical function. General Prevention No […]

A Thorough Review of Cubital (Not Carpal!) Tunnel Syndrome

Of the two most common nerve entrapment conditions affecting the arm, the cubital tunnel syndrome is less well-known than the compression neuropathy known as carpal tunnel syndrome. In this article, patients, orthopedic surgeons, and physical therapists will all find valuable information on the cubital tunnel syndrome.

The authors present a detailed review of the surgery […]

Whiplash Injury

WHAT IS WHIPLASH INJURY?

Whiplash injury occurs when there is a sudden jolt to the head and neck for example in a car accident, which causes either a forward, backward, or sideways movement of the head that is beyond the normal range of motion.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

The most common cause for whiplash is […]

Whiplash Injury

After a motor vehicle accident; many patients have symptoms such as neck pain which may present directly after the injury or delay for several days. They have suffered from whiplash injury which is a soft tissue injury to the neck. It is characterized by a collection of symptoms that occur following damage to the neck, […]

A Patient’s Guide to Posterior Cervical Fusion

Introduction

Posterior cervical fusion is done through the back (posterior) of the neck. The surgery joins two or more neck vertebrae into one solid section of bone. The medical term for fusion is arthrodesis. Posterior cervical fusion is most commonly used to treat neck fractures and dislocations and to fix deformities in the curve of […]

A Patient’s Guide to Neck Pain

Introduction

Neck pain is a common reason people visit their doctor. Neck pain typically doesn’t start from a single injury. Instead, the problem usually develops over time from the stress and strain of daily activities. Eventually, the parts of the spine begin to degenerate. The degeneration can become a source of neck pain.

Knowing how […]

Pain Management: A Patient’s Guide to Facet Joint Injections

Introduction

Facet joint injections are commonly used to determine what is causing back pain. Facet joint injections are primarily diagnostic injections, meaning that they help your doctor determine the cause of your back pain but may not provide you with any long-term relief from the pain. These injections eliminate pain temporarily by filling the facet […]