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ORIF – Open Reduction Internal Fixation

ORIF - Open Reduction Internal Fixation

ORIF – Open Reduction Internal Fixation

What is ORIF Surgery?

An open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) refers to a surgical procedure to fix a severe bone fracture, or break. “Open reduction” means surgery is needed to realign the bone fracture into the normal position. “Internal fixation” refers to the steel rods, screws, or […]

Biomechanics

Three main mechanisms have been described that may result in a burner or stinger:

(a) nerve compression,

(b)nerve traction,

(c) or a direct blow to the brachial plexus,

resulting in upper trunk or cervical root symptoms, particularly involving C5 and C6. Lower cervical roots are less susceptible to damage, but injury can occur with the […]

Injuries to the Suprascapular Nerve

The suprascapular nerve supplies the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles. It runs in a groove on the upper edge of the scapula, and is held in the groove by a ligament. The suprascapular nerve can be damaged at the time of forward or backward dislocation of the shoulder joint, with the dislocation stretching the nerve over […]

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Foraminotomy

Introduction

Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure for widening the area where the spinal nerve roots exit the spinal column. A foramen is the opening around the nerve root, and otomy refers to the medical procedure for enlarging the opening. In this procedure, surgeons widen the passageway to relieve pressure where the spinal nerve […]

Dislocation in the Adult

Basics Description Dislocation occurs when a force across a joint disrupts the restraining capsule, ligaments, and muscles. Dislocated joints may reduce spontaneously or remain unreduced. Dislocations can be associated with periarticular fractures, ruptured ligaments, capsular damage, and cartilage damage. The dislocation may result in stretch or injury to the arteries or nerves that cross […]

Patient’s Guide to Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, disc herniation, and spine instability. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the back (the posterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts bone graft material into the space […]

A Patient’s Guide to Posterior Lumbar Fusion

Introduction

A posterior lumbar fusion is the most common type of fusion surgery for the low back. A fusion is a surgical procedure that joins two or more bones (in this case vertebrae) together into one solid bone. The procedure is called a posterior fusion because the surgeon works on the back, or posterior, of […]

A Patient’s Guide to Lumbar Discectomy

Introduction

Lumbar discectomy is a surgical procedure to remove part of a problem disc in the low back. The discs are the pads that separate the vertebrae. This procedure is commonly used when a herniated, or ruptured, disc in the low back is putting pressure on a nerve root.

This guide will help you understand

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A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, spine instability, and deformities in the curve of the spine. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the front (anterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts a bone […]

A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Lumbar Fusion with Cages

Introduction

Anterior lumbar fusion is an operation done on the front (the anterior region) of the lower spine. Fusion surgery helps two or more bones grow together into one solid bone. Fusion cages are new devices, essentially hollow screws filled with bone graft, that help the bones of the spine heal together firmly. Surgeons use […]