Specialists

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Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc

WHAT IS PROLAPSED INTERVERTEBRAL DISC?

Prolapsed intervertebral disc is the sudden or slowly progressing movement of one intervertebral disc backwards into the spinal channel. Therefore the pressure on the nerve roots can cause pain, weakness of movement, numbness or heightened sensation in the nerve root area.

HOW IS PROLAPSED INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DIAGNOSED?

In order to […]

Biomechanics

Three main mechanisms have been described that may result in a burner or stinger:

(a) nerve compression,

(b)nerve traction,

(c) or a direct blow to the brachial plexus,

resulting in upper trunk or cervical root symptoms, particularly involving C5 and C6. Lower cervical roots are less susceptible to damage, but injury can occur with the […]

Treatment-Indications and Timing

A positive correlation between the history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging is needed to confirm the presence of a surgically amenable lesion. The patient must have failed conservative therapy or have a lesion that would have a poor outcome if left to nonoperative care, such as a cauda equina syndrome in a weight-lifting bodybuilder.

Neurological […]

Catastrophic Cervical Spine Injuries-Unstable Fractures and Dislocations

As expected, unstable fractures and/or dislocations make up the majority of catastrophic spinal injuries in athletes. An osseous or ligament injury is considered to be unstable when it results in loss of the ability of the spine, under physiological loads, to maintain its premorbid patterns of motion, so there is no initial or additional damage […]

Sciatica, Herniated Disk (‘Slipped Disk’)

Pain that radiates from the lower back down one or other leg is known as sciatica. It is often exacerbated by exertion, coughing, sneezing, or straining. One of its most common causes is a ‘slipped disk’ which exerts pressure on one of the roots of the sciatic nerve, and it can also be triggered by […]

Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

Fractures of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae

Fractures of vertebrae in the thoracic and lumbar regions are uncommon in sports, but can occur in riders, alpine skiers, ski-jumpers, and participants in contact sports

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Severe pain is felt at the site of the fracture. – Pain is triggered by any back movement. – […]

Pain in the Neck (Cervicalgia), Torticollis (Wry Neck)

Pain located in the neck that does not radiate into the arms is called cervicalgia. Torticollis is a painful condition that can occur in young athletes after violent turning movements of the neck, e.g. when diving and when heading or jumping in soccer. It is probable that the nerve roots arising from the cervical spinal […]

Brachial Plexus Injuries (Burner syndrome)

Burner syndrome is not uncommon in contact sports such as American football. Following trauma to the head and shoulders, the athlete complains of a burning pain and numbness extending down the upper extremity. The cause of this pain may be a traction injury to the brachial plexus (nerve bundle between the shoulder and the neck) […]

Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc

WHAT IS PROLAPSED INTERVERTEBRAL DISC?

Prolapsed intervertebral disc is the sudden or slowly progressing movement of one intervertebral disc backwards into the spinal channel. Therefore the pressure on the nerve roots can cause pain, weakness of movement, numbness or heightened sensation in the nerve root area.

HOW IS PROLAPSED INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DIAGNOSED?

In order to […]

Whiplash Injury

After a motor vehicle accident; many patients have symptoms such as neck pain which may present directly after the injury or delay for several days. They have suffered from whiplash injury which is a soft tissue injury to the neck. It is characterized by a collection of symptoms that occur following damage to the neck, […]