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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Basics Description Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting synovial joints and extra-articular systems, including the skin, eyes, cardiovascular system, bronchopulmonary system, spleen, and nervous system. Epidemiology Incidence Affects 1% of the population Prevalence Variable onset, but most frequently between the ages of 35 and 50 years Females are affected 2-3 […]

Hemophilia

Basics Description This disorder of clotting factor results in easy bleeding. Secondary effects may occur in any system (most importantly brain, joint, muscle, and nerve) secondary to bleeding. Depending on its severity, it usually is diagnosed in early childhood. Classification: Severe: <1% clotting factor activity Moderate: 1-5% clotting factor activity Mild: >5% clotting factor […]

Claw Toes

Basics Description The term claw toes describes a hyperextension deformity of the MTP joint of the lesser toes with flexion deformity of the PIP joint . General Prevention Use of appropriate shoe wear (wide shoes with a high toe box) can prevent the development of claw toes in many cases. Epidemiology Incidence Increases with […]

A Patient’s Guide to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Introduction

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common problem affecting the hand and wrist. Symptoms begin when the median nerve gets squeezed inside the carpal tunnel of the wrist, a medical condition known as nerve entrapment or compressive neuropathy. Any condition that decreases the size of the carpal tunnel or enlarges the tissues inside the […]