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Scoliosis

Basics Description Scoliosis is a 3D curvature of the spine, best appreciated on an AP radiograph and physical examination. Both thoracic and lumbar segments of the spine may be affected. It is defined as a curve >10°. Classification: Etiology: Idiopathic Congenital Neuromuscular Connective tissue Degenerative Location (of the apex or middle of the curve): […]

Posteromedial Bow of the Tibia

Basics Description Posteromedial bowing of the tibia is an angulation of the lower leg noticed at birth. The foot typically is in a calcaneovalgus position. The angulation of leg is secondary to a deformity in the tibia. In most children, the angle gradually corrects itself during growth. The limb-length discrepancy persists and increases proportionately […]