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Orthopaedic Medications in Singapore

Orthopaedic Medications

Orthopaedic Medications

For the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions and ailments, there are a variety of orthopaedic medications available to relieve oneself of pain. Orthopaedic physicians mostly prescribe three classes of drugs – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), corticosteroids and anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS). Approved by the FDA, these orthopaedic medications are safe. However, a prolonged […]

Tennis Elbow

Basics Description Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) is a tendinopathy of the origin of the ECRB tendon. The lateral epicondyle is the origin of the common wrist extensor tendon, including: ECRL ECRB Extensor digitorum communis Extensor carpi ulnaris The ECRB lies beneath the ECRL. These extensors stabilize the wrist and are used in sports (such […]

Talus Fracture

Basics Description The talus, a small bone in the hindfoot: Articulates with the calcaneus and the remainder of the midfoot bones Supports the body’s weight and distributes the body’s forces to the foot Is critical to proper function of the foot Is covered (~60%) with articular cartilage Is vascularly supplied by vessels through a […]

Stress Fracture

Basics Description A stress (microscopic) fracture occurs when: Repetitive stresses are applied to a bone faster than it is able to remodel to withstand this challenge. As the stressing force continues, the bone gradually fatigues and eventually breaks. Remodeling occurs in response to the stress but does not happen quickly enough to prevent the […]

Snapping Hip

Basics Description Snapping of the hip is a sensation that is normally felt on an infrequent basis by many people. If it becomes frequent or painful, patients may seek attention and treatment. The causes may include structures outside or inside the joint. Synonyms: Popping hip; Tendinitis; Coxa saltans General Prevention Perform adequate stretching before […]

Shoulder/Glenohumeral Arthritis

Basics Description Progressive loss of glenohumeral joint space with thinning of articular cartilage, formation of osteophytes, and progressive deformity Epidemiology Females are more likely than males to have primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Patients >60 years old are more likely to have it than are younger patients. Incidence ~0.4% in the general population Can reach 4.6% […]

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Basics Description Shoulder pain with overhead activities is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Impingement syndrome: Inflammatory condition of the soft tissues of the subacromial space Most common cause of presentation for shoulder complaints to a physician’s office (>50% of all shoulder complaints) Represents a continuum, progressing from acute bursitis, to chronic bursitis, to partial-thickness tears […]

Shin Splints

Basics Description Shin splints present with pain and discomfort in the leg from repetitive running on hard surfaces or forceful excessive use of foot plantarflexors. Synonyms: Medial tibia stress syndrome; Periostitis of the tibia; Runner’s leg Epidemiology Shin splints occur commonly in teens and young adults. Risk Factors Running or jogging, especially a recent […]

Seronegative Spondyloarthropathies

Basics Description Also called enthesopathies, these inflammatory diseases are associated with a negative rheumatoid factor or antinuclear antibody titer that affects the spine and multiple peripheral joints. Included in the seronegative spondyloarthropathies are AS, reactive arthritis (formerly known as Reiter syndrome), psoriatic arthritis, and enteropathic arthritis. Synonym: Reactive arthritis General Prevention Although the disease […]

Rotator Cuff Injuries

Basics Description Comprises 4 musculotendinous structures (the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis) that: Compress the humeral head into the glenoid, allowing the larger muscle groups to function properly Provide muscular balance to the glenohumeral joint Injuries to the cuff can occur at any age, but injuries to people >60 years old are likely […]