Specialists

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Early Osteoarthritis

Separate consideration should be given to the arthroscopic management of the early osteoarthritic shoulder. The disease in young patients is a challenging clinical problem. Non-surgical treatment options include physical therapy, therapeutic modalities, intra-articular corticosteroid injections, activity modification, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications .

There is a substantial amount of literature to support the use of the […]

Types of Lesions

Cartilage repair response has been the focus of investigations for more than 250 years. In 1742 Hunter noted that “ulcerated cartilage is a troublesome thing … once destroyed it is not repaired . Since that time, the observations made by Hunter have been reiterated by nearly every scientific study on the topic.

The lack of […]

OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE FINGERS AND THUMB

WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE FINGERS AND THUMB?

Osteoarthritis of the fingers and thumb is characterized as chronic and often disabling pain and stiffness of one or more joints. Most people who are affected by osteoarthritis of the fingers and thumb are middle-aged or older.

HOW IS OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE FINGERS AND THUMB DIAGNOSED?

A […]

Geriatric Home Care Tips

The most common geriatric orthopedic problems are osteoporosis, back pain and Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease which is characterized by progressive loss of bone mass throughout the body. Osteoporosis may strikes at any age but is more common among older people. If an elderly need a special care, then an elderly […]

Meniscal Function

While the term “shock absorber” has often been used to describe the meniscus, the menisci actually serve many functions in the human knee. Additional functions are theorized to be load bearing, lubrication, and proprioception. The meniscal function of load bearing may be clinically inferred by the degenerative changes that accompany meniscectomy.

Fairbank described radiographic changes […]

Facet Joint Syndrome

The joints between the vertebral arches, the intervertebral facet joints, are oriented in such a way that they reduce the rotation capability of the vertebrae. If there were no facet joints the disks would wear out more quickly as a result of rotatory movement in the spine. When the disks are affected by age-related degenerative […]

Osteoarthritis And Sport

Athletes who suffer from osteoarthritis should take the advice of their doctors with regard to continuing sporting activities. Each case has to be considered on its own merits. In the early stages there is usually no reason to cease participation in sport, although there may need to be a change in the type of exercise. […]

Osteochondritis Dissecans

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a localized separation of a segment of bone and cartilage from the surrounding, normal bone and cartilage. If the bony part of the fragment becomes necrotic (dead),there will be no healing and there will be a complete separation of the fragment from the surrounding tissue. In 75% of cases the lesion […]

Osteoarthritis

SYMPTOMS

There is gradual onset of diffuse or localised exercise-induced pain and effusion of the knee. The knee is usually stiff and more painful in the morning than in the afternoon. In severe cases there is pain during rest. There are periods of better and worse symptoms. Clicking, crunching and pseudo-locking can occur. It usually […]

Meniscus Tear

SYMPTOMS

Effusion and exercise-induced pain often combined with mechanical problems of locking, clicking, clunking or discomfort on impact (compression and rotation). This injury is common in sports such as football, rugby and other high-intensity contact sports but is also common, with no major trauma, as degenerative tears in older athletes or sedentary individuals.

AETIOLOGY

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