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Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

Basics Description A pathologic joint entity of localized bone necrosis with overlying cartilage injury Osteochondritis dissecans primarily affects the knee, but it is also seen in the hip (in late Legg-Calve-Perthes disease), elbow, and ankle. Osteochondritis dissecans occurs primarily in the 2nd decade of life, but it also is seen in children and older […]

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

Basics Description The ACL is critical for knee function in athletes who require knee stability in activities such as running, cutting, jumping, and kicking. The ACL originates on the posteromedial aspect of the lateral femoral condyle and inserts anterior to and between the intercondylar eminences of the tibia. The ACL is composed of 2 […]

Ankle Sprain

Basics Description Acute sprains of the lateral ligaments about the ankle are the most common injury in sports and also occur commonly in the general population. Most commonly a partial tear or complete rupture of the ATFL occurs. More severe injuries include the CFL . Lateral ankle sprain results from an inversion mechanism. Classification […]