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A Patient’s Guide to Spinal Tumors

Spinal Tumor

Introduction

Spinal Tumor

A tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue. There are several types of tumors that can develop in or near the spine. There are many types of spinal tumors. They can involve the spinal cord, nerve roots, and/or the vertebrae (bones of the spine) and pelvis.

There are two classifications […]

Diagnostic Imaging

For the majority of athletes presenting with thoracolumbar pain, the initial investigation is still the plain-film anteroposterior (AP) and lateral radiographs. The AP view will depict the sagittal alignment as well as congenital anomalies at the thoracolumbar and lumbosacral junctions.

The architecture of the bodies, spinous processes, transverse processes, lamina, and pedicles also are depicted […]

Skeletal Scintigraphy

Basics Description Skeletal scintigraphy is a nuclear medicine imaging method for bone disease. Advantages: High sensitivity for early detection of disease Whole body survey Disadvantage: Limited specificity Diagnosis Signs and Symptoms Indications Whole body skeletal scintigraphy: Primary bone tumors Osteomyelitis Joint prosthesis pain Occult fractures Stress fractures and shin splints Spondylosis Reflex sympathetic dystrophy […]

Osteomyelitis

Basics Description Osteomyelitis is inflammation or infection of bone. Classification is most commonly based on the timing of onset: Acute: Most often from hematogenous spread: The most common organism in neonates is Staphylococcus aureus, followed by Streptococcus or Gram-negative organisms. In older infants and children, it usually is S. aureus. Subacute: Accounts for 1/3 […]

Computed Tomography

Basics Description CT is a noninvasive diagnostic technique that uses a rotational radiographic source to generate cross-sectional images. CT is particularly advantageous for musculoskeletal imaging when used with multiplanar, volume-rendered reconstruction techniques. Etiology Chronology of development : 1972: Introduction 1974-1976: 1st clinical scanners installed 1980: Became widely available 1985-1986: Introduction of modern applications, such […]