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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Basics Description Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting synovial joints and extra-articular systems, including the skin, eyes, cardiovascular system, bronchopulmonary system, spleen, and nervous system. Epidemiology Incidence Affects 1% of the population Prevalence Variable onset, but most frequently between the ages of 35 and 50 years Females are affected 2-3 […]

A Patient’s Guide to Spinal (Vertebral) Compression Fractures

Introduction

Compression fractures are the most common type of fracture affecting the spine. A compression fracture of a spine bone (vertebra) causes the bone to collapse in height.

Compression fractures are commonly the result of osteoporosis. About 700,000 cases of compression fractures due to osteoporosis occur each year in the United States. Spine bones that […]

Sacral Insufficiency Fracture Physical Therapy in Singapore

Description Sacral Insufficiency fractures occur in the sacral ala between the SI joints and the neural foramina (Denis Zone 1). The fracture pattern adopts a characteristic H-shape, which is pathonemonic of the condition. It is postulated that the vertical limbs of the H occur 1st, followed by the transverse fracture line. In ~50% of […]

Shoulder/Proximal Humerus Fracture

Basics Description The proximal humerus consists of the articular surface of the shoulder joint and the attachments of the rotator cuff to the greater and lesser tuberosities. Most of the blood supply to the humeral head comes from the anterior humeral circumflex branch of the axillary artery. >90% of proximal humeral fractures result from […]

A Patient’s Guide to Kyphoplasty

Introduction (Kyphoplasty Meaning)

Patients with osteoporosis are prone to compression fractures in the spine bones, or vertebrae. The bone cracks under pressure, causing it to collapse in height. More than 700,000 such fractures occur every year in the United States.

The fracture angles the spine forward and produces a hunchbacked appearance, called kyphosis. Patients with […]