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A Patient’s Guide to Spinal Tumors

Spinal Tumor

Introduction

Spinal Tumor

A tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue. There are several types of tumors that can develop in or near the spine. There are many types of spinal tumors. They can involve the spinal cord, nerve roots, and/or the vertebrae (bones of the spine) and pelvis.

There are two classifications […]

Osteosarcoma

Basics Description The most common primary malignant bone tumor in children and young adolescents May occur occasionally in older adults but is much less common than chondrosarcoma and MFH May occur within other lesions (secondary sarcoma) such as Paget disease, bone infarcts, and irradiated bone A highly malignant tumor with invasive local growth and […]

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

Basics Description MFH is an uncommon, malignant, primary mesenchymal tumor of soft tissue or bone that resembles fibrosarcoma. In primary MFH of bone, the long bones are affected most commonly. Classification: Several subtypes have been described, but typing has not been shown to have prognostic implications. General Prevention No preventive measures are known. Epidemiology […]

Knee Examination in the Child

Basics Description It is important, during a knee examination, to keep in mind the child’s age and to understand the age-specific pediatric knee disorders. Congenital hyperextension or dislocation of the knee: Varies from simple hyperextension to anterior dislocation of the tibia on the femur Hyperextended knee presents at birth. A hyperextensible knee resolves spontaneously, […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]

Chondrosarcoma

Basics Description This primary malignant tumor of bone consists of malignant chondrocytes (cartilage cells) and occurs inside a cartilage matrix. It most commonly affects the proximal femur, pelvic girdle, knee, and spine. It has a wide range of biologic behavior . Low grade (grade 1): <5% risk of metastasis Intermediate grade (grade 2): 20-30% […]