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Tennis injury and Medial epicondylitis

Tennis injuries are generally defined as either cumulative overuse or acute (traumatic) injuries.

Overuse injuries occur over time due to stress on the muscles, joints and soft tissues without proper time for healing. They begin as a small, nagging ache or pain, and can grow into a debilitating injury if they aren’t treated early.

Medial […]

Traumatic injuries

Children and adolescents are injured more often than adults, but their injuries are usually less serious. This may partly be due to the fact that children are physically smaller than adults, so that less force is involved in the injury. Children’s tissues are significantly different from those of adults: their bone structure is more resilient […]

Knee extension mechanism injuries

The knee extension mechanism includes the quadriceps muscle-tendon, the patellar bone, the patellar tendon, and its insertion into the tibia. Injuries can occur in all these structures.

Quadriceps tendon injuries The distal quadriceps tendon attaches to the patella and its adjacent soft tissue structures (the retinaculum). It is important for the extensor mechanism. This tendon […]

Tumors

Tumors are not uncommon in the groin region and can cause pain and aching which may first appear during sporting activity. Other symptoms are similar to those caused by overuse injuries and ruptures of muscles and tendons, and when they are persistent investigation sometimes reveals a tumor as the cause. The rectum should also be […]

Other causes of Pain in the Hip and Groin

Overuse injury or rupture of other groin muscle-tendon units

A number of muscles and tendons affecting the groin region, including the pectineus, the sartorius, the tensor fasciae latae, and the gluteus medius, can be damaged during sporting activity. The precise location of the pain, together with an assessment of muscle function, can elucidate the diagnosis.

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Overuse Injury of the upper part of the Rectus Femoris Muscle-Tendon Unit

The rectus femoris muscle arises above the articular cavity of the hip joint. The muscle flexes the hip and extends the knee joint. After intensive shooting practice in soccer, repeated fast starts, strength training, and similar activities, pain can be felt just above the hip joint.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Pain occurs during and after […]

Tear and Inflammation of the Deltoid Muscle

Tears of the deltoid muscle, though infrequent, do occur in team handball and volleyball players, American footballers, weightlifters, wrestlers, and other athletes. The muscle is damaged in most cases by direct impact, but it can also be injured by overuse. The tear affects only a small part of the muscle, making it difficult to raise […]

Etiology of Tendon Injury

Training errors, such as sudden increase in running distance or a change in activity, are the primary etiological factor in most tendon overuse injuries. Errors include increased frequency of training and running on curved trails, hard or slippery roads, or soft beaches. The principle of transition (according to Leadbetter 1992) is that sports injuries are […]

Inflammation

Inflammation is the body’s response to tissue injury caused by pressure, friction, repeated load or overload, and external trauma. Trauma is associated with bleeding, which causes swelling and increased pressure. Both extrinsic and intrinsic factors (see above) contribute to the inflammatory reaction in tendon sheaths, tendon and muscle attachments, bursae, and the periosteum. Overuse injuries […]

Overuse Syndromes

Overuse syndromes are difficult to diagnose and treat. These injuries are becoming increasingly common as both participation in sport in general and the intensity and duration of training increase. Although overuse injuries (stress fractures) were first documented as early as 1855, little research has been done since, and today’s knowledge is based mainly on practical, […]