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General Principles

Sports injuries are caused by trauma of different degree. For simplification we divide injuries into traumatic injuries, caused by large forces (macrotrauma), and overuse syndromes, caused by repetitive micro-trauma.

Traumatic Injuries

Acute traumatic injuries are common in athletics.

The frequency of traumatic injuries varies greatly between sports. Contact sports, such as soccer, ice hockey, team […]

Wrist Pain

Basics

Description Wrist pain, a common symptom, may be caused by different conditions, including trauma, overuse, and infection. It is important to obtain a detailed history to make the correct diagnosis and to provide appropriate treatment. The history should include onset, duration, frequency, and location of the pain. Information regarding swelling, erythema, abnormal clicks, aggravating […]

Achilles Tendinitis (Heel Cord Pain)

WHAT IS ACHILLES TENDINITIS?

Achilles tendinitis is a syndrome of irritation of the Achilles tendon in the ankle. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon in the back of the ankle that inserts into the heel bone. When individuals overuse their Achilles tendon it becomes irritated and inflamed. This inflammation can cause pain and swelling. […]

Prolotherapy Therapy with Platelet Rich Plasma

Tendons and ligaments connect muscles to bones, making it possible to do all kinds of physical activities. Overuse or damage to tendons over a long period of time causes the collagen fibers that make up the tendons to form small tears, a condition called Tendinosis. Ligaments are composed of collagen fibers and hold bones together, […]

Trochanteric Bursitis

WHAT IS TROCHANTERIC BURSITIS?

Trochanteric bursitis is inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac near the lateral point of the hip joint known as the greater trochanter. When this bursa becomes irritated or inflamed, it causes pain in the hip. This is a common cause of hip pain.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

One of the […]

A Patient’s Guide to Biceps Tendonitis

Introduction

Biceps tendonitis, also called bicipital tendonitis, is inflammation in the main tendon that attaches the top of the biceps muscle to the shoulder. The most common cause is overuse from certain types of work or sports activities. Biceps tendonitis may develop gradually from the effects of wear and tear, or it can happen suddenly […]

A Patient’s Guide to Quadriceps Tendonitis of the Knee

Introduction

Alignment or overuse problems of the knee structures can lead to strain, irritation, and/or injury of the quadriceps muscle and tendon. This produces pain, weakness, and swelling of the knee joint.

These problems can affect people of all ages but the majority of patients with overuse injuries of the knee (and specifically quadriceps tendonitis) […]