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Partial Thickness Rotator Cuff Tears: Treatment

Partial thickness rotator cuff tears can result from intrinsic cuff degeneration and tendinopathy absent an injury or impingement. The lack of uniformity of collagen bundles and the paucity of vascular supply contributes to weakness, especially along the articular aspect of the rotator cuff. These degenerative tears often exit the articular surface and can be well […]

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Basics Description Shoulder pain with overhead activities is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Impingement syndrome: Inflammatory condition of the soft tissues of the subacromial space Most common cause of presentation for shoulder complaints to a physician’s office (>50% of all shoulder complaints) Represents a continuum, progressing from acute bursitis, to chronic bursitis, to partial-thickness tears […]

Shoulder Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Bones: Glenohumeral joint: The humeral head articulates with the glenoid fossa of the scapula. Stabilized by the glenohumeral ligaments capsule and rotator cuff muscles The labrum of the glenoid deepens the joint and enhances stability. AC joint: The acromion process of the scapula articulates with the distal clavicle. Suspends the arm and […]