Specialists

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Adhesive Capsulitis

Key Points

True shoulder stiffness is the loss of passive range of motion in the shoulder. Many patients who complain of stiffness do not have true shoulder stiffness. Rather, they have pain and inflammation, and because movement results in discomfort, they guard against painful movement and appear to have lost range of motion. Stiffness arising […]

Differential Diagnosis

It is important to carefully evaluate for other sources of shoulder pain. These may include acromioclavicular arthrosis rotator cuff tear (partial or complete), instability, adhesive capsulitis, glenohumeral arthritis, biceps tendonosis, labral pathology, and cervical radiculopathy. It is also important to remember that there can be more than one source of pain. The two most common […]

Hallux Rigidus

SYMPTOMS

There is increasing stiffness and exercise-induced pain around MTP I without preceding trauma, usually affecting adult athletes. This condition can be mistaken for ‘turf toe’, which is common in young footballers.

AETIOLOGY

The aetiology is unclear but there is a possible genetic predisposition.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

There is decreased active and passive range […]