Specialists

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Knee dislocation

Knee dislocation Dislocation of the femorotibial joint requires major trauma. Most of these injuries are due to motor vehicle accidents, but occasionally they do occur in sports. Additional injuries to the blood vessels around the knee occur about 30% of the time, and injuries to the nerves are common. Because of the possible loss of […]

Lateral cruciate ligament injury and posterior lateral instability

Lateral cruciate ligament injury and posterior lateral instability The LCL is the primary restraint to varus stress of the knee (when the distal lower leg is pressed inward). It is most commonly injured in combination with one of the cruciate ligaments. The mechanism of injury is gait for increased external rotation of the foot, painful […]

Prescription Sports

RUNNING ON A HARD SURFACE

Running is one of the most popular sports in the world. This not only covers marathons and track and field running – running is also part of the training in virtually all other sports, including soccer, rugby, handball and triathlon. Running is a very efficient method for maintaining or improving […]

Knee Pain

Basics Description Knee pain has many causes, including pathologic processes in the knee and disorders in distant locations with referral to the knee area. Diffuse or located in a specific region A characteristic history and physical examination frequently narrow the diagnosis. Classification: Traumatic Acquired Risk Factors Athletic activity Obesity Sedentary lifestyle Etiology Traumatic injury […]

Knee Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Anatomy of the knee consists of compartments, bones, menisci, ligaments, muscles, and nerves. 3 compartments: Medial, lateral, and patellofemoral Bones: Patella: Serves as fulcrum to aid knee extension Medial and lateral menisci: Fibrocartilaginous structures in medial and lateral femorotibial compartments Aid in joint lubrication and nutrition and in load distribution across articular […]

Arthroscopy

Basics Description Arthroscopy should be performed after a complete history and physical examination and after appropriate imaging studies have been obtained. Most procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis. Knee: Indications: Meniscal repair or debridement Meniscal cyst Treatment of osteochondral lesions ACL or PCL tear debridement or reconstruction Synovial biopsy or synovectomy Determination […]

A Patient’s Guide to Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries

Introduction

The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is one of the less commonly injured ligaments of the knee. Understanding this injury and developing new treatments for it have lagged behind the other cruciate ligament in the knee, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), probably because there are far fewer PCL injuries than ACL injuries.

This guide will […]