Specialists

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Techniques

Major changes in techniques are constantly and rapidly evolving, and dissection has become extremely “respectful” of the soft tissues that are encountered. The small-incision trend of arthroscopy is now entering the spinal surgery environment. Adequate decompression, prevention of further malalignment, and obtaining a solid fusion are still the basic goals of spinal surgery intervention.

The […]

Spine Fusion

Basics Description Spine fusion is a surgical procedure that causes 2 or more vertebral levels to be joined with solid bony healing in the spine. It is performed to correct spinal instability from traumatic, degenerative, or iatrogenic causes and to prevent spinal deformity progression. Epidemiology Incidence Over the last 2 decades, the incidence of […]

Spinal Stenosis

Basics Description Compression of neural elements secondary to osteoarthritic changes (bone spurs, hypertrophied ligamentum flavum, disc space narrowing) at intervertebral levels and facet joints Characterized by back and/or lower extremity pain, numbness, weakness, and possible bladder/bowel dysfunction. General Prevention No known preventive measures Epidemiology Symptoms develop during the 5th and 6th decades. No gender […]

Patient’s Guide to Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, disc herniation, and spine instability. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the back (the posterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts bone graft material into the space […]