Specialists

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Septic Hip

Basics Description The incidence of septic hip is increasing, especially in elderly and immunosuppressed individuals. This condition may occur in infants, children, adults, and the elderly, but it is more common in the pediatric population. Risks factors include hip surgery (most common cause), intravenous drug abuse, alcoholism, and steroid use. Epidemiology Incidence In children, […]

Hip Dislocation

Basics Description Dislocations and fracture-dislocations of the hip are orthopaedic emergencies. Serious, high-energy injuries in which the femoral head becomes completely dislodged from the acetabulum A thorough examination must be performed to assess for other possible injuries. Up to 50% of patients suffer other fractures at the time of injury. Associated acetabular or femoral […]

Femoral Shaft Fracture in the Adult

Basics Description Femoral shaft fractures occur in the diaphysis of the bone. High-energy trauma such as vehicular accidents, falls, or gunshots are the common causes of these fractures in normal bone. Low-energy trauma may cause femoral shaft fractures in pathologic or osteoporotic bone. Classification: Winquist and Hansen assessed fractures according to the proportion of […]

Femoral Neck Fracture

Basics Description Femoral neck fracture is the most common cause of a broken hip. The femoral neck is the intracapsular portion of the proximal femur between the femoral head and the lesser and greater trochanters. Femoral neck fractures are most common in elderly patients, although younger patients involved in high-energy trauma also are affected. […]

Deep Venous Thrombosis

Basics Description DVT is a blood clot in the deep venous plexus of the legs. Venous thrombus may embolize and result in fatal PE. Classification: DVTs are classified by location using ultrasound. Thrombi below the popliteal fossa usually do not embolize. 50% of thrombi at or above the popliteal fossa will embolize. General Prevention […]