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A Patient’s Guide to Femoroacetabular Impingement of the Hip

Introduction

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) occurs in the hip joint. Impingement refers to some portion of the soft tissue around the hip socket getting pinched or compressed. Femoroacetabular tells us the impingement is occurring where the femur (thigh bone) meets the acetabulum (hip socket). There are several different types of impingement. They differ slightly depending on […]

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Basics Description SCFE is a disorder of the hips of adolescents or preadolescents in which the femoral head is displaced relative to the rest of the femur. The femoral head remains in the acetabulum. Most notable features: The outward rotation of the lower femur and leg and a limp Classification: Stable versus unstable (1): […]

Hip Avascular Necrosis

Basics Description AVN is osteonecrosis, or death of the bone. All major joints can be affected. In the pediatric population, this condition is called Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and, in general, has a better prognosis than osteonecrosis in the adult. AVN of the hip is osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Synonyms: Osteonecrosis; Aseptic necrosis; Chandler disease […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]

Growing Pains

Basics Description This poorly understood syndrome is characterized by a long history of lower extremity pains that usually occur at night and worsen after active days. Pain: Resolves completely each time it occurs Occurs predominantly in the lower extremities Occurs in 1 or both legs with random frequency No objective physical findings are seen. […]

Children Orthopaedics

Children's Orthopaedics

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Adolescent Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Elbow Back Pain in Children Blount’s Disease in Children and Adolescents Clubfoot Congenital Flatfoot (Pes Planus) Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Children Jumper’s Knee in Children and Adolescents Limping in Children Nursemaid’s […]

A Patient’s Guide to Perthes Disease of the Hip

Introduction

Perthes disease is a condition that affects the hip in children between the ages of four and eight. The condition is also referred to as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease in honor of the three physicians who each separately described the disease. In this condition, the blood supply to the growth center of the hip (the capital […]