physical therapy

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Basics Description Tarsal tunnel syndrome is entrapment of the tibial nerve or its distal branches caused by compression or traction as the nerve courses through the tarsal tunnel. Anatomy : Proximal tarsal tunnel: Fibro-osseous space that contains (from anterior to posterior) the PTT, flexor digitorum longus tendon, posterior tibial artery and vein, tibial nerve, and …

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Read More »

Spondylolisthesis

Basics Description Spondylolisthesis is an abnormal AP translation of 2 vertebral bodies relative to each other. This translation is secondary to a defect in the pars interarticularis (spondylolysis) or the posterior ligamentous-bony restraints. Spondylolisthesis is classified by type (Table 1) and by the severity of the slip (Table 2). General Prevention No preventive measures except …

Spondylolisthesis Read More »

Reactive Arthritis

Basics Description Reactive arthritis (previously called Reiter syndrome) is a form of reactive, inflammatory arthritis classically associated with urogenital, ocular, mucocutaneous, and musculoskeletal involvement. This syndrome is categorized with the group of seronegative arthritides, along with AS, psoriatic arthritis, and enteropathic arthritis. Diagnosis often is overlooked because of its variable presentation and the similarities with …

Reactive Arthritis Read More »

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma

Basics Description MFH is an uncommon, malignant, primary mesenchymal tumor of soft tissue or bone that resembles fibrosarcoma. In primary MFH of bone, the long bones are affected most commonly. Classification: Several subtypes have been described, but typing has not been shown to have prognostic implications. General Prevention No preventive measures are known.   Epidemiology …

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Read More »

Little League Elbow

Basics Description Little League elbow refers to a group of injuries about the elbow that arise in children and adolescents (ages 7-15 years) from repetitive throwing or use of a racquet or bat. Younger patients (7-11 years old) in that group often have an injury of the physis, whereas older adolescents (15-19 years old) are …

Little League Elbow Read More »

Growing Pains

Basics Description This poorly understood syndrome is characterized by a long history of lower extremity pains that usually occur at night and worsen after active days. Pain: Resolves completely each time it occurs Occurs predominantly in the lower extremities Occurs in 1 or both legs with random frequency No objective physical findings are seen. Synonyms: …

Growing Pains Read More »

Blount Disease

Basics Description Bowing of the legs can be a normal stage of growth for infants and toddlers. This phase is called physiologic bowing and resolves spontaneously by approximately 2 years of age. The vast majority of children presenting with bowed legs have this benign physiologic state. More rarely, bowed legs may be pathologic. The most …

Blount Disease Read More »

Biceps Tendon Rupture

Basics Description The biceps tendon can rupture proximally near the shoulder or distally near the elbow. Most ruptures occur proximally. Proximally, the biceps helps depress and stabilize the humeral head, whereas distally it is the primary supinator of the forearm and assists in elbow flexion. Epidemiology Incidence Typically occurs in males >40 years old These …

Biceps Tendon Rupture Read More »

× Chat with us for more information