Specialists

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Talus Fracture

Basics Description The talus, a small bone in the hindfoot: Articulates with the calcaneus and the remainder of the midfoot bones Supports the body’s weight and distributes the body’s forces to the foot Is critical to proper function of the foot Is covered (~60%) with articular cartilage Is vascularly supplied by vessels through a […]

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

Basics Description Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is the most common hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Involvement progresses from distal to proximal: Lower extremity wasting, weakness, and cavovarus feet develop, followed in some cases by upper extremity weakness. 5 recognized types: Type I (hypertrophic form): The most common form (50% of patients) Thickened nerves have abnormal myelin […]

Ankle Sprain

Basics Description Acute sprains of the lateral ligaments about the ankle are the most common injury in sports and also occur commonly in the general population. Most commonly a partial tear or complete rupture of the ATFL occurs. More severe injuries include the CFL . Lateral ankle sprain results from an inversion mechanism. Classification […]

A Patient’s Guide to Peroneal Tendon Subluxation

Introduction

The peroneals are two muscles and their tendons that attach along the outer edge of the lower leg. The peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that runs behind the outside ankle bone (the lateral malleolus). Damage or injury to the structures that form and support this tunnel may lead to a condition […]