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Palpation of the popliteal fossa

The borders of the lozenge-shaped popliteal fossa are formed by the gastrocnemii, the biceps femoris and the semitendinosus and semimembranosus muscles. The bottom is formed by the posterior capsule and the popliteus muscle .The popliteal fossa is covered by a fascia. The lozenge is vertically crossed (from lateral to medial) by: the tibial nerve, popliteal […]

Popliteal Cyst in the Child

Basics Description Popliteal cyst is a painless soft-tissue mass in the medial popliteal fossa behind the knee. Epidemiology Most common soft-tissue lesion about the knee in children Affects children 2-14 years old Incidence Incidence decreases after 9 years of age. Prevalence Twice as common in males Risk Factors Most are isolated cases. Juvenile rheumatoid […]

Deep Venous Thrombosis

Basics Description DVT is a blood clot in the deep venous plexus of the legs. Venous thrombus may embolize and result in fatal PE. Classification: DVTs are classified by location using ultrasound. Thrombi below the popliteal fossa usually do not embolize. 50% of thrombi at or above the popliteal fossa will embolize. General Prevention […]

A Patient’s Guide to Popliteal Cysts

Introduction

A popliteal cyst, also called a Baker’s cyst, is a soft, often painless bump that develops on the back of the knee. A cyst is usually nothing more than a bag of fluid. These cysts occur most often when the knee is damaged due to arthritis, gout, injury, or inflammation in the lining of […]