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Passive pronation

Positioning.

The subject stands with the arm hanging and the elbow bent to a right angle. The examiner stands in front of the subject. Both hands encircle the distal forearm in such a way that the heel of the contralateral hand is placed against the volar part of the ulna and the fingers of the […]

Elbow, wrist and hand

Wrist and hand rehabilitation

Because the function of the wrist and hand is essential to daily activities, special care is needed to avoid compromising the functional integrity of these structures. In addition to range-of-motion and strengthening exercises, attention should be paid to dexterity exercises and to tactile senses. The wrist and hand are a series […]

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Tear

Basics

Description The TFCC: A group of ligaments and cartilaginous structures that stabilize the distal radioulnar joint during pronation and supination of the forearm Extends from the ulnar styloid to the sigmoid notch of the distal radius Central portion: More cartilaginous than its periphery Acts as a meniscal homolog, similar to the menisci of the […]

Tennis Elbow

Basics Description Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) is a tendinopathy of the origin of the ECRB tendon. The lateral epicondyle is the origin of the common wrist extensor tendon, including: ECRL ECRB Extensor digitorum communis Extensor carpi ulnaris The ECRB lies beneath the ECRL. These extensors stabilize the wrist and are used in sports (such […]

Talus Fracture

Basics Description The talus, a small bone in the hindfoot: Articulates with the calcaneus and the remainder of the midfoot bones Supports the body’s weight and distributes the body’s forces to the foot Is critical to proper function of the foot Is covered (~60%) with articular cartilage Is vascularly supplied by vessels through a […]

Elbow Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Bones Ulnohumeral joint: The trochlea of the humerus articulates with the trochlear notch of the proximal ulna. The olecranon process of the ulna lies posterior to the joint. Allows for elbow flexion and extension Radiohumeral joint: The capitulum of the humerus articulates with the radial head. Allows for forearm supination and pronation […]

Ankle Fracture

Basics Description Fractures of the distal end of the fibula and tibia are termed ankle fractures. Usually caused by the twisting of the body around a planted foot or a misstep that results in overstressing the ankle joint Severe fractures may result in dislocation of the ankle. 2 fracture classification systems are used currently: […]

A Patient’s Guide to Osteoarthritis of the Elbow

Introduction

The elbow joint is injured less often than many other joints in the body. The most common injuries of the elbow joint are fractures and dislocations. Most elbow injuries tend to heal pretty well.

However, an elbow injury can lead to problems later in life. The injury changes the way the joint works just […]

A Patient’s Guide to Interposition Arthroplasty of the Elbow

Introduction

Elbow arthritis may be surgically treated with a procedure called interposition arthroplasty. The term interposition means that new tissue is placed between the damaged surfaces of the elbow joint. In this surgery, tissue is taken from another source to fill in the space in the elbow joint. The soft tissue forms a false joint. […]

A Patient’s Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Elbow

Introduction

Elbow joint replacement (also called elbow arthroplasty) can effectively treat the problems caused by arthritis of the elbow. The procedure is also becoming more widely used in aging adults to replace joints damaged by fractures. The artificial elbow is considered successful by more than 90 percent of patients who have elbow joint replacement.

This […]