Specialists

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Sprains

Basics Description Sprains refer to damaged ligaments, and they are the result of overstretching of the tissues. Injuries to the ligamentous structures of movable joints are among the most common complaints seen in primary care medicine, as well as in the subspecialty areas of orthopaedic surgery. Sprains can occur in any movable joint. Classification: […]

Posterior Tibial Tendon Rupture

Basics Description PTT dysfunction or rupture is the most common cause of adult acquired flatfoot deformity. A working knowledge of the anatomy and function of the PTT in the normal foot is necessary to understand the pathophysiology that results from dysfunction. Origin: Posterior aspect of the tibia, the fibula, and the interosseous membrane Course: […]

Medial Collateral Ligament Injury

Basics Description An MCL injury is a sprain of the MCL, which is the primary restraint to valgus stress on the knee. It occurs mainly in athletic teenagers and young adults, and equally among males and females. Classification: Grade I (mild): Microscopic sprain with intact fibers Grade II (moderate): Partial tear Grade III (severe): […]