Specialists

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Intertrochanteric Hip Fracture

Basics Description Fractures of the proximal femur located between the greater and lesser trochanters and external to the capsule of the hip joint The greater and lesser trochanters may be avulsed as separate fragments. Many classification systems have been developed that are unreliable in identifying fracture types, but in general, they are classified as […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]

Giant Cell Tumor

Basics Description A benign but often locally aggressive neoplasm, characterized by large numbers of uniformly distributed, osteoclastlike giant cells and a background population of plump, epithelioid-to-spindle mononuclear cells. The vast majority of these tumors are located near the articular end of a tubular bone; ~50% occur in the knee. Other frequently involved sites: Distal […]

Chondrosarcoma

Basics Description This primary malignant tumor of bone consists of malignant chondrocytes (cartilage cells) and occurs inside a cartilage matrix. It most commonly affects the proximal femur, pelvic girdle, knee, and spine. It has a wide range of biologic behavior . Low grade (grade 1): <5% risk of metastasis Intermediate grade (grade 2): 20-30% […]