Specialists

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Spine Fusion

Basics Description Spine fusion is a surgical procedure that causes 2 or more vertebral levels to be joined with solid bony healing in the spine. It is performed to correct spinal instability from traumatic, degenerative, or iatrogenic causes and to prevent spinal deformity progression. Epidemiology Incidence Over the last 2 decades, the incidence of […]

Spinal Stenosis

Basics Description Compression of neural elements secondary to osteoarthritic changes (bone spurs, hypertrophied ligamentum flavum, disc space narrowing) at intervertebral levels and facet joints Characterized by back and/or lower extremity pain, numbness, weakness, and possible bladder/bowel dysfunction. General Prevention No known preventive measures Epidemiology Symptoms develop during the 5th and 6th decades. No gender […]

Congenital Pseudarthrosis

Basics Description Congenital pseudarthrosis is a rare defect of the distal tibia (at the junction of the middle 1/3 and distal 1/3) in which the bone is cystic and bowed and eventually fractures. The bone is dysplastic from birth. The deformity often increases with age. The abnormality may not be noticed unless anterior bowing […]

Back Pain

Basics Description Low back pain, the most common musculoskeletal condition, is responsible for the loss of 17 million work days per year in the United States and ~$60 billion of the annual U.S. health care budget. 70-80% of adults experience severe back pain at some time during their lives. Back pain, which affects the […]

A Patient’s Guide to Compression Fixation for a Fractured Hip

Introduction

A fractured hip can be a life-threatening problem. The hip fracture itself isn’t usually a difficult problem to treat with surgery. But once the fracture occurs, it brings with it all the potential medical complications that can arise when aging adults are confined to bed. The goal of treatment is to get patients moving […]

A Patient’s Guide to Wrist Fusion

Introduction

Arthritis of the wrist has many causes, and there are many ways of treating the pain. These treatments can be very successful, at least for awhile. But eventually the entire wrist can become so painful that nonsurgical treatments don’t work anymore. At this point, your surgeon may recommend a wrist fusion. Wrist fusion may […]

A Patient’s Guide to Scaphoid Fracture of the Wrist

Introduction

Doctors commonly diagnose a sprained wrist after a patient falls on an outstretched hand. However, if pain and swelling don’t go away, doctors become suspicious that the injury is actually more serious. A fall on an outstretched hand commonly breaks the scaphoid bone of the wrist. X-rays taken at the time of the injury […]

Patient’s Guide to Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, disc herniation, and spine instability. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the back (the posterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts bone graft material into the space […]

A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, spine instability, and deformities in the curve of the spine. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the front (anterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts a bone […]

A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Lumbar Fusion with Cages

Introduction

Anterior lumbar fusion is an operation done on the front (the anterior region) of the lower spine. Fusion surgery helps two or more bones grow together into one solid bone. Fusion cages are new devices, essentially hollow screws filled with bone graft, that help the bones of the spine heal together firmly. Surgeons use […]