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Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury

The long-term sequelae of multiple concussive events remain unclear. In boxers, dementia puglistica or punch drunk syndrome, which includes a pattern of ataxia, pyramidal tract dysfunction, tremor, impaired memory, dysarthria, and behavioral changes, has long been recognized as a result of the cumulative effects of concussions.

More recently, the term chronic traumatic brain injury (CTBI) […]