Specialists

Featured on Channel NewsAsia

Facet Joint Arthritis (Spondylarthritis) in Singapore

Lumbar Joint Arthritis

Lumbar Joint Arthritis

In case of significant arthritic changes of the facet joints with hypertrophy of the capsule, hypertrophied facet osteophytes, incomplete spontaneous fusion of the facet joints, and air inclusion, the patients may profit from a facet joint infiltration. If a temporary pain release can be reached, a direct fusion or screw […]

X-Ray

X-Ray

X-Ray

What is X-Ray?

X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, just like visible light. In a health care setting, a machines sends are individual x-ray particles, called photons. These particles pass through the body. A computer or special film is used to record the images that are created.

Structures that are dense […]

Decision Making and Classification

The primary decision that a sports physician must make when confronted with a thoracolumbar condition is whether the athlete has a significant mechanical and/or neurological instability requiring urgent or emergent stabilization.

The spinal problem can be categorized initially as a high-energy injury, a low-energy injury, or even a no-injury situation. In turn, high-energy injuries to […]

Musculoskeletal Radiography

Basics Description Plain radiography has been the primary musculoskeletal imaging technique for >100 years. X-ray beams generated by an x-ray tube pass through the body part to be imaged, and differential absorption and scattering of the x-ray beams occur. The exiting beam carries information about the density of the material traversed. This information is […]

Hip Dislocation

Basics Description Dislocations and fracture-dislocations of the hip are orthopaedic emergencies. Serious, high-energy injuries in which the femoral head becomes completely dislodged from the acetabulum A thorough examination must be performed to assess for other possible injuries. Up to 50% of patients suffer other fractures at the time of injury. Associated acetabular or femoral […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]

Hip Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Bones: Pelvis and femur bone The acetabulum is the socket Muscles: Flexors: Iliopsoas, sartorius, rectus femoris Extensors: Gluteus maximus, hamstring muscles Abductors: Gluteus medius, gluteus minimus Adductors: Gracilis, pectineus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus Nerves: Femoral: Hip flexors Obturator: Adductors Superior gluteal: Abductors Ligaments: Sacroiliac: Sacrum to ilium Sacrotuberous: Sacrum to […]

Bunion/Hallux Valgus

Basics Description A bunion is an enlargement of the medial eminence of the 1st metatarsal with soft tissue and bursal swelling. Hallux valgus occurs primarily at the MTP joint and consists of lateral deviation of the great toe with medial deviation of the 1st metatarsal. Subluxation of the MTP joint often occurs. General Prevention […]

Back Pain

Basics Description Low back pain, the most common musculoskeletal condition, is responsible for the loss of 17 million work days per year in the United States and ~$60 billion of the annual U.S. health care budget. 70-80% of adults experience severe back pain at some time during their lives. Back pain, which affects the […]

Ankle Fracture

Basics Description Fractures of the distal end of the fibula and tibia are termed ankle fractures. Usually caused by the twisting of the body around a planted foot or a misstep that results in overstressing the ankle joint Severe fractures may result in dislocation of the ankle. 2 fracture classification systems are used currently: […]