range of motion

Ligament Injuries

Ligament injuries (pain) in athletes are common, particularly around the knee and the ankle. They also occur in the shoulder, elbow, and thumb. Functional Anatomy Ligaments are attached to the two bones that compose the joint. Ligaments provide stability to the joint, while still allowing motion. They cannot actively resist motion, but provide a ‘check …

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Passive Abduction

Table of Contents Positioning Procedure Common Mistakes Normal Functional Anatomy Common Pathological Situations Positioning The subject lies in the supine position, near the border of the couch, with the lower leg pendent. The examiner stands level with the subject’s hip. One hand grasps the distal thigh from the medial side. The other hand is placed …

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