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X-Ray

X-Ray

X-Ray

What is X-Ray?

X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, just like visible light. In a health care setting, a machines sends are individual x-ray particles, called photons. These particles pass through the body. A computer or special film is used to record the images that are created.

Structures that are dense […]

Stress fractures

One-sided loads on the skeleton can, when intensity and load are too high, lead to stress fractures or fatigue fractures if the adaptive ability of the body is insufficient to cope. Stress fractures can affect children who begin athletic training as early as the age of 7 years. The frequency of stress fractures in adolescents […]

Hip Complaints in Children and Adolescents

Perthes’ disease

Perthes’ disease afflicts children between the ages of 3 years and 11 years. Its precise cause is unknown. The bone structure of the head of the femur becomes deformed and flattened due to osteonecrosis (death of bone). The child complains of tiredness and of pain in the groin and sometimes the knee, and […]

Other causes of Pain in the Hip and Groin

Overuse injury or rupture of other groin muscle-tendon units

A number of muscles and tendons affecting the groin region, including the pectineus, the sartorius, the tensor fasciae latae, and the gluteus medius, can be damaged during sporting activity. The precise location of the pain, together with an assessment of muscle function, can elucidate the diagnosis.

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Rupture of the Upper part of the Rectus Femoris Muscle-Tendon Unit

Pain in the groin can be caused by a rupture in the origin or the upper third of the rectus femoris muscletendon junction. This rupture is usually partial, but complete rupture may occur. The rupture can occur during shooting and tackling in football and also during fast acceleration in general.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– During […]

Groin Injuries

Overuse of the adductor muscle-tendon unit

The muscles that draw the leg inwards (adduct at the hip joint) are primarily the adductor longus, the adductor magnus, the adductor brevis, and the pectineus muscles. The gracilis muscle and the lower fibers of the gluteus maximus also work as adductors. However, it is usually the adductor […]

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis, also known as Bechterew’s disease or pelvospondylitis ossificans, mainly affects the sacroiliac joint, the joints between the vertebral arches and the anterior long ligament of the spine, which may gradually ossify. It usually afflicts young and middle-aged men and should be suspected in cases of chronic, but not severe, pain in the lumbar […]

Juvenile Kyphosis (Scheuermann’s disease)

Scheuermann’s disease is a hereditary condition which produces progressive rounding of the back (kyphosis) and can sometimes hinder sporting activity. The complaint mainly affects adolescent boys. Usually three to five thoracic vertebrae are involved, which become wedge-shaped.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Slight fatigue in the thoracic region is present on exertion after the affected person […]

Spinal Stenosis

The vertebral column can be affected by stenosis (narrowing of the vertebral canal) from causes other than a slipped and protruding disk, including wear of the facet joints and osteophyte formation. This condition, which is not common, mainly affects those over 60 years old, especially middle-aged former wrestlers and weightlifters who have sustained strenuous loads […]

Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

Fractures of thoracic and lumbar vertebrae

Fractures of vertebrae in the thoracic and lumbar regions are uncommon in sports, but can occur in riders, alpine skiers, ski-jumpers, and participants in contact sports

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Severe pain is felt at the site of the fracture. – Pain is triggered by any back movement. – […]