Specialists

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Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Internal Oblique

The internal oblique is the largest muscle of the abdominal wall . The internal oblique forms the middle layer of the abdominal wall between the TrA and the external oblique. It originates from the “lateral two-thirds of the inguinal ligament, anterior two-thirds of the iliac crest, and the lateral raphe of the thoracolumbar fascia in […]

Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Transversus Abdominis

The TrA is the deepest muscle of the abdominal muscle complex, with the internal and external oblique being more ventral and the rectus abdominis in the center with a fascial envelope encased with a bilaminar aponeurosis. The TrA is the deepest muscle of the abdominal muscle complex, with the internal and external oblique being more […]

Lower back

Lower back

Rehabilitation programs for the lower back must be based on individual assessments to address the specific needs of the patient. The first requirement is a thorough physical examination, which should include postural assessment, strength and range-of-motion measurements, also pain description and location details.

Based on this evaluation, a rehabilitation program is then designed […]

Groin Injuries

Overuse of the adductor muscle-tendon unit

The muscles that draw the leg inwards (adduct at the hip joint) are primarily the adductor longus, the adductor magnus, the adductor brevis, and the pectineus muscles. The gracilis muscle and the lower fibers of the gluteus maximus also work as adductors. However, it is usually the adductor […]