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ACHILLES TENDINITIS (HEEL CORD PAIN)

WHAT IS ACHILLES TENDINITIS?

Achilles tendinitis is a syndrome of irritation of the Achilles tendon in the ankle. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon in the back of the ankle that inserts into the heel bone.

When individuals overuse their Achilles tendon it becomes irritated and inflamed. This inflammation can cause pain and swelling. […]

Knee

Most recent trends in knee rehabilitation emphasize immediate motion, immediate weightbearing, early closed kinetic chain exercises, strength exercises, and early return to activity. Effective rehabilitation programs require an understanding of any surgical procedures performed, the structure of the knee, and the nature of the injury.

Strengthening should include both closed and open kinetic chain exercises, […]

Hip and pelvis

Injuries to the pelvis, hip, and thigh involve the largest soft tissue structures in the body. Such injuries can be extremely disabling and often require a substantial amount of time for rehabilitation. The whole lower extremity must be considered, along with gait analysis and posture. When rehabilitating the hip and pelvis,proprioceptive and balance activities should […]

Neck

Neck

The neck should be examined very carefully by a physician before any exercise commences, because of the many sensitive structures it comtains.

Range-of-motion exercises

Before the program starts a check-up with a physical therapist or an athletic trainer is advisable. Before performing each motion, align your head so your ears are over your shoulders. […]

Rupture of the Major Pectoral Muscle

The pectoral muscle has its origin on the anterior chest wall and its insertion on the anterior surface of the upper part of the humerus. Its function is to draw the upper arm towards the chest and to rotate the arm inwards. When it is subjected to a heavy load, the pectoral muscle can tear. […]

Treatment Principles

The management of tendon injuries depends on the diagnosis. The treatment varies according to the different stages of the healing process. Tendon strength is a direct function not only of the number and size of collagen fibers, but also of their orientation. These fibers respond favorably to tension and motion and it is therefore important […]

Inflammation

Inflammation is the body’s response to tissue injury caused by pressure, friction, repeated load or overload, and external trauma. Trauma is associated with bleeding, which causes swelling and increased pressure. Both extrinsic and intrinsic factors (see above) contribute to the inflammatory reaction in tendon sheaths, tendon and muscle attachments, bursae, and the periosteum. Overuse injuries […]

Exercise on Prescription

STRENGTH TRAINING Muscle strength and endurance training can be controlled movement (machines), semi-controlled (cross wires) or free weights (dumb-bells or body weight). The choice of training method depends on the athlete’s aims and training background and the character of the injury. Free weights are more difficult to control than fixed movement training machines but add […]