Specialists

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The Rotator Cuff

Key Points The majority of symptomatic rotator cuff disease patients respond to a nonoperative program emphasizing the restoration of normal biomechanics, unrestricted motion, and functional force couples.Early surgical management should be considered for acute rotator cuff tears in physiologically young and very active individuals.

The ability to recognize the complex layered anatomy in addition to […]

Rotator Cuff Injury

WHAT IS SHOULDER PAIN DUE TO ROTATOR CUFF INJURY?

Rotator cuff injury is the damage to the rotator cuff. This condition is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain.

HOW IS SHOULDER PAIN DUE TO ROTATOR CUFF INJURY DIAGNOSED?

Diagnosis is done through understanding the patient’s history of activities and symptoms of pain […]

Subacromial Injection

Basics Shoulder injection sites: Subacromial area: Most common site Other potential sites include: Bicipital tendon sheath Glenohumeral joint Sternoclavicular joint AC joint To avoid confusion: Always refer to these injections by describing the anatomic location of the shot. Avoid describing any of these injections as a shoulder injection. Subacromial injection is reserved for pain […]

Shoulder Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Bones: Glenohumeral joint: The humeral head articulates with the glenoid fossa of the scapula. Stabilized by the glenohumeral ligaments capsule and rotator cuff muscles The labrum of the glenoid deepens the joint and enhances stability. AC joint: The acromion process of the scapula articulates with the distal clavicle. Suspends the arm and […]

Biceps Tendon Rupture

Basics Description The biceps tendon can rupture proximally near the shoulder or distally near the elbow. Most ruptures occur proximally. Proximally, the biceps helps depress and stabilize the humeral head, whereas distally it is the primary supinator of the forearm and assists in elbow flexion. Epidemiology Incidence Typically occurs in males >40 years old […]