Specialists

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Concussion-Epidemiology

Overall, it is estimated that approximately 300,000 sports-related concussive events occur in the United States annually. It has been estimated that 3.9% to 7.7% of high school and college athletes sustain a concussion each year.

Contact sports in particular place athletes at risk for head trauma. Football is recognized as having the highest risk; however, […]

Management-Nonoperative Management

Nonoperative management of an axillary nerve injury includes reassurance, activity modification, symptomatic management, and physical therapy. As the nerve recovers, active, passive-, and active-assisted range of shoulder motion should be performed to maintain motion, and electrical stimulation and strengthening exercises may help to reduce atrophy of the deltoid.

The athlete should be reassured of nerve […]

Collateral Ligament Injuries

Injuries of the collateral ligaments (the side ligaments of the PIP joints) are quite common in athletics. They often occur in sports such as team handball, volleyball, basketball, and rugby.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Pain and distinct tenderness occur in the injured area at the side of the joint. – Mobility is impaired. – Instability […]

Fractures of the Humerus

Fractures of the upper part of the humerus occur most frequently as a result of falling on an outstretched arm, but they may also follow a direct fall on the shoulder during contact sports, such as rugby and American football, alpine skiing, and riding. Fractures of the upper part of the humerus occur most frequently […]

Acromioclavicular Joint Separation

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Basics Description AC joint injuries range from a mild sprain of the supporting ligaments to a complete separation of the AC joint. The AC joint is a diarthrodial joint formed by the distal clavicle and the medial facet of the acromion. Interposed in the joint is a fibrocartilaginous disc, which helps distribute the […]